• Taking Full Advantage of the R&D Tax Credit: Tips for Identifying, Gathering, and Documenting a Sustainable Claim

    By:
    Peter J. Scalise
    |
    May 1, 2018
    In 1981, the U.S. economy was in a recession, and research-and-development jobs were declining throughout the country. In response, Congress passed the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, which included the Research and Development Tax Credit Program (hereinafter “RTCP” or “RTC”), enacted into the IRC. 

  • Powerful Domestic Trust Strategies for International and Cross-Border Families

    By:
    Al W. King III, JD, LLM (tax law) and Jack R. Brister
    |
    May 1, 2018
    There has been a powerful evolution taking place over the last decade of international families utilizing the United States for their trusts. Previously, the main reasons for an international family to establish a U.S. situs trust were if they owned U.S. property or if they had a U.S. green card or U.S. citizen family members. 
  • New York State is Auditing Federal Tax Issues: Work-Related Education Expenses

    By:
    Brian Gordon, CPA
    |
    May 1, 2018
    The New York State Tax Department has increased their audits involving federal tax issues.  This may be due to a reduction in IRS audit personnel, but regardless of the reason, these issues affect both federal and New York State taxes and they therefore have the right to audit. 
  • Social Security Filing Strategies Under the New Rules

    By:
    Ash Ahluwalia, MBA, CFP
    |
    May 1, 2018

    For most Americans, social security retirement benefits typically represent 30 to 60% of their retirement income. Yet according to the National Social Security Association, LLC, over 90% of social security recipients receive less money than they are entitled to receive. For many filers, this can represent tens of thousands of dollars in lost retirement benefits.


  • The New Qualified Business Income Deduction Under IRC Section 199A

    By:
    Ellen Seiler Brody, Esq., and Vivek A. Chandrasekhar, Esq.
    |
    Apr 1, 2018
    Public Law 115-97 (the Act) provided a significant benefit to corporate taxpayers. While the highest marginal corporate tax rate was previously 35%, corporations now face only a flat 21% tax. In an attempt to provide parity for non-corporate taxpayers, the Act introduces a new IRC section 199A, which provides a 20% deduction for qualified business income earned by individuals, trusts, and estates. 
  • New York’s Corporate Nexus & Apportionment Rules—Review & Update (Part 2 of 2)

    By:
    Mark S. Klein and Daniel P. Kelly
    |
    Apr 1, 2018
    We’re back to continue our discussion regarding the implementation and development of New York’s 2015 corporate tax reform.  Even though the law is nearly four years old, both tax practitioners and tax administrators struggle to provide form to the framework created by the new law. 
  • PFICs: Current State of Affairs

    By:
    Paul H. Dailey, CPA, MBA
    |
    Apr 1, 2018
    Passive Foreign Investment Companies (PFICs) are still alive and kicking! The new law made only one structural change to the PFIC regime: limiting the PFIC insurance exception. 
  • Self-Employment Tax for Partnerships, LLC and LLP Members

    By:
    Dean L. Surkin, JD, LLM
    |
    Apr 1, 2018
    The advent of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 has started to affect the entity structures that taxpayers choose for their businesses. Some practitioners are recommending an expanded use of C corporations while others are recommending maximum utilization of the qualified business income (QBI) deduction. 
  • New York’s Corporate Nexus & Apportionment Rules: Overview & Update

    By:
    Mark S. Klein and Daniel P. Kelly
    |
    Mar 1, 2018
    New York’s corporate franchise tax reform, which passed in 2014 and became effective Jan. 1, 2015, was groundbreaking in numerous ways. (The Administrative Code of New York City was subsequently amended to adopt many, but not all, of the same revisions for city corporate tax purposes.) 

  • Relationship Capital: How to Evaluate Personal Goodwill Prior to Selling a Closely-Held Business

    By:
    Ladidas Lumpkins, CPA, JD, LLM (Taxation) and Roman Katz, JD
    |
    Mar 1, 2018
    How do you evaluate the financial power of relationships? An iconic scene from the movie The Devil Wears Prada offers great insight, particularly when powerful fashion editor Miranda Priestly recounts how she persuaded the magazine’s publisher to pass over a younger challenger for the job.
  • Understanding Unrelated Business Income Tax

    By:
    Israel Tannenbaum
    |
    Mar 1, 2018

    Facing increased competition for donor dollars and a growing charitable base, many tax-exempt organizations have set their sights on income diversification. As part of this quest for alternative revenue streams, non-profits are expanding into businesses traditionally dominated by taxable entities.  While this can be a boon to an organization’s resources, it can potentially subject tax-exempt entities to reporting and paying taxes, the most common of which is the tax on unrelated business income. 

  • Cybersecurity for Accountants

    By:
    Patrick Buono
    |
    Mar 1, 2018
    According to Forbes magazine, the global cost of cybercrime will reach $2 trillion by 2019. Warren Buffett considers cyber attacks “a bigger threat to humanity than nuclear weapons,” and Ginni Rometty, IBM President & CEO, describes cybercrime as “the greatest threat to every profession, every industry, every company in the world.” 
  • The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: Traps for the Unwary Accountant

    By:
    Ellen Seiler Brody, JD, CPA, Esq. and Vivek A. Chandrasekhar, JD, Esq.
    |
    Feb 1, 2018
    On Dec. 22, 2017, President Trump enacted into law Public Law 115-97, which is colloquially, although not technically, called the "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act" (the "Act").  The Act enacts wide-ranging changes to the IRC, such as lowering the individual and corporate rates, creating a brand new deduction for certain non-corporate business, and increasing expensing for certain capital expenditures.
  • How the 2017 Tax Reform Act Affects Estate Planning for High-Net Worth Individuals

    By:
    Kevin Matz, Esq., CPA, LLM (Taxation)
    |
    Feb 1, 2018
    On Dec. 20, 2017, Congress passed far-reaching changes to the IRC that were signed into law by the president on Dec. 22, 2017 as Public Law 115-97 (the “2017 Tax Reform Act,” also informally known as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”).  

  • The Effect of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on Expatriation

    By:
    Shannon P. McNulty, Esq., LLM (Taxation), CFP
    |
    Feb 1, 2018

    Affluent U.S. citizens and long-term legal permanent residents (i.e., green card holders) looking to expatriate from the United States can face a daunting financial obstacle in the form of the exit tax regime imposed by IRC section 877A. While the recently enacted tax law leaves IRC section 877A unchanged, it effects other changes to the IRC that can make it easier for those seeking to expatriate to get out from under IRC section 877A penalties.

  • Comparing the New York City Unincorporated Business Tax and General Corporation Tax

    By:
    Robert Thee, CPA, PC
    |
    Feb 1, 2018
    Most businesses operating in New York City in the form of pass-through entities for federal tax purposes—such as partnerships, limited liability companies, S corporations, and sole proprietorships—will be subject to an entity-level tax: either the Unincorporated Business Tax (UBT) or the General Corporation Tax (GCT). 
  • Are New York’s PNOLC Draft Regulations Too Restrictive?

    By:
    R. Gregory Roberts, Esq., Jennifer S. White, Esq., and Jeremy P. Gove, Esq.
    |
    Jan 1, 2018
    On May 5, 2017, the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (the “Department”) released its long-awaited draft regulations (the “Draft Regulations”) regarding the computation of the prior net operating loss conversion (“PNOLC”) subtraction. Initial comments to the Draft Regulations were due Aug. 3, 2017; however, the Department continues to review comments.
  • Employee Stock Ownership Plans: Exploring Opportunities for Business Owners

    By:
    Kevin Jennings, ABV, CVA and Carla Klinger
    |
    Jan 1, 2018
    An employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) is a qualified retirement plan under IRC section 401(a) that is nondiscriminatory and provides transition opportunities for a company’s owners. But an ESOP is not for everyone—the company must be robust and produce sufficient cash flow to cover the expenditures associated with an ESOP.  
  • Choice of Entity

    By:
    Dean L. Surkin, JD, LLM
    |
    Jan 1, 2018
    When entering a new business transaction (or significantly changing an existing one), clients should consider their choices of entity and business structure. They must consider the requirements of the business, the extent or liability protection, and the tax effects, and we, as their principal tax advisors, should work closely with their attorneys in making informed choices.
  • Accounting Methods for Construction Contracts

    By:
    Joseph Molloy, CPA
    |
    Jan 1, 2018
    New York City is in the middle of its biggest office construction building boom in three decades, and residential spending—which includes spending on new construction as well as alterations and renovations—is projected to reach $11.6 billion in 2018, according to a New York Building Congress analysis of multiple data sources.

 
Views expressed in articles published in Tax Stringer are the authors' only and are not to be attributed to the publication, its editors, the NYSSCPA or FAE, or their directors, officers, or employees, unless expressly so stated. Articles contain information believed by the authors to be accurate, but the publisher, editors and authors are not engaged in redering legal, accounting or other professional services. If specific professional advice or assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.